“Graduate school. Is it worth the extra chunk of loans? Is it possible to make it as a “professional” fine artist without it? How do I go about getting letters of recommendation if I wait for a longer time after undergrad?”
People go to graduate school for many different reasons. Many go to graduate school so that they are able to teach at the college level. Others will attend because their undergraduate degree was not in art, and therefore they want the opportunity to study in a more concentrated manner. For many art school students, graduate school provides a way for them to gain a more personal focus and sense of professionalism in their work.
Under the best circumstances, graduate school will allow you to make the transition from making student work to making professional work. For most people, their undergraduate degree is about experimenting with different media, subject matter, and contrasting approaches. However, after four years of this, many students have complained to me that they can feel scattered and lost. They’re working with so many methods and subjects that there’s no way they can gain any sense of focus. Many students at this point start to feel that they are barely skimming the surface of their subject matter due to the time constraints of their undergraduate schedules.
Looking back at my own undergraduate student work, so much of it lacked content. What I had accomplished by the time I was a senior was essentially all visual exercises: life drawings, portrait studies, and unfinished paintings of a bored model sitting on the model stand. None of it was remotely professional, conceptual, or distinctive in any way.
Figure painting study from my undergraduate years at RISD.
What graduate school should provide is an opportunity to focus on creating a body of work that is personally driven, coherent, and in depth. Basically, variations on a theme. What many undergraduate students never have the opportunity to do is to work with one subject over a sustained period of time. In graduate school, the time for haphazard experimentation should be over, instead it should be a time to concentrate intensively on a specific interest. By the time you finish graduate school, you should be armed with a cohesive body of work that will carry you right into the professional world.
My MFA thesis was a project called “Digging” where I explored the concept of digging through a series of prints and a large scale sculpture installation. My experience working with this one subject laid the groundwork for all of my following projects, and taught me how to engage with my work conceptually. I doubt that my work would have matured the way it did had I not attended graduate school.
While it is possible to “make it” as a professional artist without a graduate school degree, it is tougher. Not only are you missing out on the opportunity to make a new body of work in a rigorous artistic community, but you won’t be able to foster the kind of professional connections with faculty and other students that are necessary to launching your career. Who you know in the art world is everything in terms of having a professional career, and graduate school is one very effective way to get to know people in the field.
For letters of recommendation, you’ll have to contact your former professors from your undergraduate program. For most people, email is the most effective way to get back in touch. Try to make sure that you’re asking a former professor with whom you had a good relationship with, one who would remember you. I’ve been forced to turn down students in the past because I simply couldn’t remember who they were. Always make sure that you ask first, don’t assume that they will automatically write you the letter. (for example, I have a personal policy that I only write letters for students who received an A- or an A in my class) Be sure to give your professor enough notice, (about 1-2 months) so they have plenty of time to take care of it for you. This article I wrote lays out the specific nuts and bolts of requesting a letter from a former professor, and goes into much greater depth about the process.
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Portfolio Video Critiques for Art Students & Artists
Prof Clara Lieu offers 30 minute video critiques on 8-20 artworks for students working on a portfolio for art school admission, and for artists of any age working on their artwork. Watch a sample below, and get more info here.
Every month, we assign a topic for you to respond to with an artwork. We give out prizes in several categories, and post select submissions on our Instagram and other sites throughout the month. Use #artprofwip and Prof Clara Lieu might just stop by and give you some feedback! We have a special prize for art teachers who assign the Art Dare to one of their classes. More info is here.
Ask the Art Prof Live was a weekly live video broadcast on our Facebook page where Prof Clara Lieu provided professional advice for art students and professional artists. Ask the Art Prof began as a written column in 2013 and was featured in the Huffington Post from 2013-2015. See the full archive of columns here. Prof Lieu discussed being an artist today, art technique & materials, work strategies for artists, career advice, teaching art, and more.
Ask the Art Prof Live: Graduate MFA Programs
Youtube Playlist: Video Critiques on Art School Admissions Portfolios
Youtube Playlist: How to Draw a Portrait with Charcoal and Cross-Hatching
Youtube Playlist: Crit Quickies, 1 min. critiques on artworks
“Is graduate school worth it?”
“How are European MFA degrees viewed in the United States?”
“How do I choose a field for graduate school?”
“How do I find the right graduate school for fine arts?”